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Hydrogen Safety

Hydrogen Safety PDF Author: Fotis Rigas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143986232X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

Book Description
Hydrogen Safety highlights physiological, physical, and chemical hazards associated with hydrogen production, storage, distribution, and use systems. It also examines potential accident scenarios that could occur with hydrogen use under certain conditions. The number of potential applications for hydrogen continues to grow—from cooling power station generators to widespread commercial use in hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles and other fuel-cell applications. However, this volatile substance poses unique challenges, including easy leakage, low ignition energy, a wide range of combustible fuel-air mixtures, buoyancy, and its ability to embrittle metals that are required to ensure safe operation. Focused on providing a balanced view of hydrogen safety—one that integrates principles from physical sciences, engineering, management, and social sciences—this book is organized to address questions associated with the hazards of hydrogen and the ensuing risk associated with its industrial and public use. What are the properties of hydrogen that can render it a hazardous substance? How have these hazards historically resulted in undesired incidents? How might these hazards arise in the storage of hydrogen and with its use in vehicular transportation? The authors address issues of inherently safer design, safety management systems, and safety culture. They highlight hydrogen storage facilities —which pose greater hazards because of the increased quantities stored and handled—and the dangers of using hydrogen as a fuel for transport. Presented experiments are included to verify computer simulations with the aid of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of both gaseous and liquefied hydrogen. The book also provides an overview of the European Commission (EC) Network of Excellence for Hydrogen Safety (HySafe) and presents various case studies associated with hydrogen and constructional materials. It concludes with a brief look at future research requirements and current legal requirements for hydrogen safety.

Hydrogen Safety

Hydrogen Safety PDF Author: Fotis Rigas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143986232X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

Book Description
Hydrogen Safety highlights physiological, physical, and chemical hazards associated with hydrogen production, storage, distribution, and use systems. It also examines potential accident scenarios that could occur with hydrogen use under certain conditions. The number of potential applications for hydrogen continues to grow—from cooling power station generators to widespread commercial use in hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles and other fuel-cell applications. However, this volatile substance poses unique challenges, including easy leakage, low ignition energy, a wide range of combustible fuel-air mixtures, buoyancy, and its ability to embrittle metals that are required to ensure safe operation. Focused on providing a balanced view of hydrogen safety—one that integrates principles from physical sciences, engineering, management, and social sciences—this book is organized to address questions associated with the hazards of hydrogen and the ensuing risk associated with its industrial and public use. What are the properties of hydrogen that can render it a hazardous substance? How have these hazards historically resulted in undesired incidents? How might these hazards arise in the storage of hydrogen and with its use in vehicular transportation? The authors address issues of inherently safer design, safety management systems, and safety culture. They highlight hydrogen storage facilities —which pose greater hazards because of the increased quantities stored and handled—and the dangers of using hydrogen as a fuel for transport. Presented experiments are included to verify computer simulations with the aid of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of both gaseous and liquefied hydrogen. The book also provides an overview of the European Commission (EC) Network of Excellence for Hydrogen Safety (HySafe) and presents various case studies associated with hydrogen and constructional materials. It concludes with a brief look at future research requirements and current legal requirements for hydrogen safety.

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications PDF Author: Alexei Kotchourko
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128204958
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 420

Book Description
Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications: Engineering Design, Risk Assessment, and Codes and Standards presents different aspects of contemporary knowledge regarding the hazards, risks and safety connected with hydrogen systems. Sections cover the main hydrogen technologies and explore the scientific aspects of possible sources and consequences of accidental events that can occur when hydrogen is used, including in its vehicular applications. Risk assessment, as well as the safety measures/safety barriers applicable in such situations are also considered. Finally, a short survey concerning legal aspects is presented. Provides factual material, such as models, correlations, tables, nomograms and formulas that can be used to perform evaluations and propose mitigation measures Presents reference data and detailed descriptions and guidelines for contemporary risk assessment methodologies Covers accident phenomena and consequences of accidents specific to hydrogen systems in a widely and applicable way for a wide variety of hydrogen activities

Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies

Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies PDF Author: Thomas Hübert
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466596554
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 387

Book Description
Understand, Select, and Design Sensors for Hydrogen-Based Applications The use of hydrogen generated from renewable energy sources is expected to become an essential component of a low-carbon, environmentally friendly energy supply, spurring the worldwide development of hydrogen technologies. Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies provides practical, expert-driven information on modern sensors for hydrogen and other gases as well as physical parameters essential for safety and process control in hydrogen technologies. It illustrates how sensing technologies can ensure the safe and efficient implementation of the emerging global hydrogen market. The book explains the various facets of sensor technologies, including practical aspects relevant in hydrogen technologies. It presents a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the theory (physical and chemical principles), design, and implementations of sensors in hydrogen technologies. The authors also offer guidance on the development of new sensors based on the analysis of the capabilities and limitations of existing sensors with respect to current performance requirements. Suitable for both technical and non-technical personnel, the book provides a balance between detailed descriptions and simple explanations. It gives invaluable insight into the role sensors play as key enabling devices for both control and safety in established and emerging hydrogen technologies.

Hydrogen Energy Engineering

Hydrogen Energy Engineering PDF Author: Kazunari Sasaki
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 4431560424
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 593

Book Description
This book focuses on the fundamental principles and latest research findings in hydrogen energy fields including: hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, fuel cells, hydrogen safety, economics, and the impact on society. Further, the book introduces the latest development trends in practical applications, especially in commercial household fuel cells and commercial fuel cell vehicles in Japan. This book not only helps readers to further their basic knowledge, but also presents the state of the art of hydrogen-energy-related research and development. This work serves as an excellent reference for beginners such as graduate students, as well as a handbook and systematic summary of entire hydrogen-energy systems for scientists and engineers.

The Hydrogen Economy

The Hydrogen Economy PDF Author: National Academy of Engineering
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309091632
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256

Book Description
The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the President’s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nation’s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the hydrogen economy to assist in the development of its hydrogen R&D program. Included in the assessment were the current state of technology; future cost estimates; CO2 emissions; distribution, storage, and end use considerations; and the DOE RD&D program. The report provides an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel in the nation’s future energy economy and describes a number of important challenges that must be overcome if it is to make a major energy contribution. Topics covered include the hydrogen end-use technologies, transportation, hydrogen production technologies, and transition issues for hydrogen in vehicles.

Solar Hydrogen

Solar Hydrogen PDF Author: Mario Pagliaro
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849733171
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 121

Book Description
Renewable hydrogen produced using solar energy to split water is the energy fuel of the future. Accelerated innovation in both major domains of solar energy (photovoltaics and concentrated solar power) has resulted in the rapid fall of the solar electricity price, opening the route to a number of practical applications using solar H2. New thermochemical water splitting using concentrated solar power (CSP) as well as CSP coupled to electrolysis has the potential to convert and store solar energy into clean hydrogen using a tiny fraction of the world's desert area to meet our present and future global energy needs. Photovoltaics, in turn, has the versatility required for supporting the creation of a distributed energy generation infrastructure in developing countries especially now that the price of PV solar electricity has fallen to unprecedented low levels. In all these cases, solar H2 will be used to store energy and release it on demand either for fuel cells (to power homes and boats) or internal combustion engines and turbines (for powering cars, trucks and in thermoelectric power units). This book on solar hydrogen is unique in its field and is a timely treatment of a hot topic in industry, academic, political and environmental circles. With reference to many examples as well as to new technologies, this accessible book provides insight into a crucial technology for our common future and numerous colour pictures contribute to the book's readability. Written by experts in the field who are engaged at the forefront of research, the book supplies readers with last minute insight from the frontiers of research. The book will be of interest to Politicians, solar PV companies, hydrogen and sustainability researchers, environmentalists, managers in the automotive and nautical industries, undergraduate and graduate students in physics, chemistry, energy and materials science.

Hydrogen Science and Engineering

Hydrogen Science and Engineering PDF Author: Detlef Stolten
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527332383
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1220

Book Description
Authored by 50 top academic, government and industry researchers, this handbook explores mature, evolving technologies for a clean, economically viable alternative to non-renewable energy. In so doing, it also discusses such broader topics as the environmental impact, education, safety and regulatory developments. The text is all-encompassing, covering a wide range that includes hydrogen as an energy carrier, hydrogen for storage of renewable energy, and incorporating hydrogen technologies into existing technologies.

Hydrogen Fuel

Hydrogen Fuel PDF Author: Ram B. Gupta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420045776
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 624

Book Description
From Methane to Hydrogen-Making the Switch to a Cleaner Fuel Source The world's overdependence on fossil fuels has created environmental problems, such as air pollution and global warming, as well as political and economic unrest. With water as its only by-product and its availability in all parts of the world, hydrogen promises to be the next grea

Thermo-Gas Dynamics of Hydrogen Combustion and Explosion

Thermo-Gas Dynamics of Hydrogen Combustion and Explosion PDF Author: Boris E. Gelfand
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642253520
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 326

Book Description
The potential of hydrogen as an important future energy source has generated fresh interest in the study of hydrogenous gas mixtures. Indeed, both its high caloricity and reactivity are unique properties, the latter underscoring safety considerations when handling such mixtures. The present monograph is devoted to the various aspects of hydrogen combustion and explosion processes. In addition to theoretical and phenomenological considerations, this work also collates the results of many experiments from less well known sources. The text reviews the literature in this respect, thereby providing valuable information about the thermo-gas-dynamical parameters of combustion processes for selected experimental settings in a range of scientific and industrial applications.

Utilization of Hydrogen for Sustainable Energy and Fuels

Utilization of Hydrogen for Sustainable Energy and Fuels PDF Author: Marcel Van de Voorde
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110594102
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 577

Book Description
Carbon neutral hydrogen technologies play a key-role in preventing climate change and hydrogen is really at the heart of the energy transition. As we can produce heat and power directly from hydrogen in a clean way, we will have many applications in the growing hydrogen economy. This book presents the current state and latest development trends of hydrogen economy with the focus on applications. It gives an overview of the hydrogen utilization as it relates to the transport technology, such as automobiles, heavy-duty vehicles, trains, ships, air, and space transport and industry. Large attention is given to structural and functional materials science, technologies and innovations with focus on the development of new materials and electrolytes for specific applications. Strictly related to mobility is the relation between vehicles and refuel stations, the safety analysis, risk assessment for both infrastructures and transport. Ideal book for students of materials science, chemistry, physics; for researchers and chemical- and mechanical engineers, for industrialists, policymakers, safety agencies and governments.