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Palaeolithic Europe

Palaeolithic Europe PDF Author: Jennifer C. French
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110858411X
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
In this book, Jennifer French presents a new synthesis of the archaeological, palaeoanthropological, and palaeogenetic records of the European Palaeolithic, adopting a unique demographic perspective on these first two-million years of European prehistory. Unlike prevailing narratives of demographic stasis, she emphasises the dynamism of Palaeolithic populations of both our evolutionary ancestors and members of our own species across four demographic stages, within a context of substantial Pleistocene climatic changes. Integrating evolutionary theory with a socially oriented approach to the Palaeolithic, French bridges biological and cultural factors, with a focus on women and children as the drivers of population change. She shows how, within the physiological constraints on fertility and mortality, social relationships provide the key to enduring demographic success. Through its demographic focus, French combines a 'big picture' perspective on human evolution with careful analysis of the day-to-day realities of European Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer communities—their families, their children, and their lives.

Palaeolithic Europe

Palaeolithic Europe PDF Author: Jennifer C. French
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110858411X
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
In this book, Jennifer French presents a new synthesis of the archaeological, palaeoanthropological, and palaeogenetic records of the European Palaeolithic, adopting a unique demographic perspective on these first two-million years of European prehistory. Unlike prevailing narratives of demographic stasis, she emphasises the dynamism of Palaeolithic populations of both our evolutionary ancestors and members of our own species across four demographic stages, within a context of substantial Pleistocene climatic changes. Integrating evolutionary theory with a socially oriented approach to the Palaeolithic, French bridges biological and cultural factors, with a focus on women and children as the drivers of population change. She shows how, within the physiological constraints on fertility and mortality, social relationships provide the key to enduring demographic success. Through its demographic focus, French combines a 'big picture' perspective on human evolution with careful analysis of the day-to-day realities of European Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer communities—their families, their children, and their lives.

PREHISTORIC EUROPE

PREHISTORIC EUROPE PDF Author: Timothy Champion
Publisher: Left Coast Press
ISBN: 1598744631
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 371

Book Description
This volume provides an elementary and comprehensive synthesis of the new discoveries and the new interpretations of European prehistory.

Palaeolithic Europe

Palaeolithic Europe PDF Author: D. K. Bhattacharya
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Central Europe
Languages : en
Pages : 470

Book Description


Learning Among Neanderthals and Palaeolithic Modern Humans

Learning Among Neanderthals and Palaeolithic Modern Humans PDF Author: Yoshihiro Nishiaki
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811389802
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220

Book Description
This book is based on the research performed for the Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans Project. The central issue of the project is the investigation of possible differences between the two populations in cognitive ability for learning. The project aims to evaluate a unique working hypothesis, coined as the learning hypothesis, which postulates that differences in learning eventually resulted in the replacement of those populations. The book deals with relevant archaeological records to understand the learning behaviours of Neanderthals and modern humans. Learning behaviours are conditioned by numerous factors including not only cognitive ability but also cultural traditions, social structure, population size, and life history. The book addresses the issues in two parts, comparing learning behaviours in terms of cognitive ability and social environments, respectively. Collectively, it provides new insights into the behavioural characteristics of Neanderthals and modern humans from a previously overlooked perspective. Furthermore, it highlights the significance of understanding learning in prehistory, the driving force for any development of culture and technology among human society.

The Palaeolithic Societies of Europe

The Palaeolithic Societies of Europe PDF Author: Clive Gamble
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521658720
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 532

Book Description
Clive Gamble's overview of Palaeolithic societies, building on his The Palaeolithic Settlement of Europe (1986).

Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution during the Palaeolithic

Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution during the Palaeolithic PDF Author: Alex Mesoudi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 4431553630
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 169

Book Description
This volume is motivated by the desire to explain why Neanderthals were replaced by modern humans, in terms of cultural differences between the two (sub-) species. It provides up-to-date coverage on the theory of cultural evolution as is being used by anthropologists, archaeologists, biologists and psychologists to decipher hominin cultural change and diversity during the Palaeolithic. The contributing authors are directly involved in this effort and the material presented includes novel approaches and findings. Chapters explain how learning strategies in combination with social and demographic factors (e.g., population size and mobility patterns) predict cultural evolution in a world without the printing press, television or the Internet. Also addressed is the inverse problem of how learning strategies may be inferred from actual trajectories of cultural change, for example as seen in the North American Palaeolithic. Mathematics and statistics, a sometimes necessary part of theory, are explained in elementary terms where they appear, with details relegated to appendices. Full citations of the relevant literature will help the reader to further pursue any topic of interest.

A Dictionary of Archaeology

A Dictionary of Archaeology PDF Author: Ian Shaw
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780631235835
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 644

Book Description
This dictionary provides those studying or working in archaeology with a complete reference to the field.

Hunter-Gatherer Economy in Prehistory

Hunter-Gatherer Economy in Prehistory PDF Author: Geoff Bailey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521237420
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 268

Book Description
A series of case studies which combine an awareness of recent developments in hunter-gatherer theory with a commitment to the analysis and interpretation of prehistoric material.

The Middle Palaeolithic Occupation of Europe

The Middle Palaeolithic Occupation of Europe PDF Author: Wil Roebroeks
Publisher: Leiden University Press
ISBN:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 254

Book Description
This volume focuses on the evidence from the Middle Paleolithic, assessing it in its own right rather than looking at it for signs of the development of 'modern humans' as they become recognisable in the subsequent Upper Paleolithic period. It provides useful regional reviews of the evidence from different regions of Europe. It is the second of three volumes on the phases of the Paleololithic being sponsored by the European Science Foundation. (The first was the Earliest Occupation of Europe - ed. W. Roebroeks, Leiden 1995). Contents: The Middle Paleololithic - a point of inflection (Clive Gamble and Wil Roebroeks); Environments and settlements in the Iberian peninsula (Luis Gerardo Vega Toscano, Luis Raposa and Manuel Santojana); The Neanderthals in Italy (M Mussi); Environment and adaptations in Eastern central Europe (Jiri Svorboda); The Middle Palaeolithic of Quercy (J Jaubert); The Middle Paleolithic of the Aquitaine Basin (Alain Turq); The Northwest European Middle Paleolithic (Wil Roebroeks and Alain Tuffreau); Hominids without homes - The Nature of Middle Palaeolithic settlement in Europe (J Kolen); Surface scatters from Southern Limburg, the Netherlands (Jan Kolen et al); Raw Material Transport Patterns (J Feblot-Augustins); The Faunal Record of the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic of Europe (S Gaudzinski). "

Human Adaptation in the Asian Palaeolithic

Human Adaptation in the Asian Palaeolithic PDF Author: Ryan J. Rabett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107018293
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 385

Book Description
This book examines the first human colonization of Asia and particularly the tropical environments of Southeast Asia during the Upper Pleistocene. In studying the unique character of the Asian archaeological record, it reassesses long-accepted propositions about the development of human 'modernity.' Ryan J. Rabett reveals an evolutionary relationship between colonization, the challenges encountered during this process - especially in relation to climatic and environmental change - and the forms of behaviour that emerged. This book argues that human modernity is not something achieved in the remote past in one part of the world, but rather is a diverse, flexible, responsive, and ongoing process of adaptation.