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PTSD and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

PTSD and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury PDF Author: Jennifer J. Vasterling
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1462503381
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 324

Book Description
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can each cause significant functional impairment--and these "invisible injuries" frequently co-occur. Events that lead to traumatic brain injury are often also psychologically traumatic. This authoritative volume brings together leading experts in PTSD and mTBI to explore the nature, consequences, and management of these interacting conditions. Presenting cutting-edge research and clinical practices, the book meets a growing need among mental health practitioners in both civilian and military contexts. The volume focuses on the complexities of caring for patients with comorbid PTSD and mTBI, whether caused by war-zone experiences, motor vehicle accidents, domestic violence or other interpersonal assaults, or sports concussions. Contributors examine the biological and psychosocial mechanisms underlying both disorders as well as potential ways they may affect each other. Commonly associated problems that may further complicate recovery--chronic pain and substance abuse--are also discussed in detail. Reviewing empirically based best practices in assessment and treatment, chapters offer recommendations for tailoring interventions to different patients' needs. Important topics include how to deal with dilemmas in evaluation and what treatment strategies work best for addressing overlapping symptoms. The book also considers ways to improve the structure and cost-effectiveness of providing care in this challenging area. Throughout, scientific controversies and unanswered questions are highlighted and promising directions for future research identified. Synthesizing knowledge from multiple disciplines, this is an essential reference for mental health practitioners and trauma specialists--including neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and social workers--as well as graduate students and trainees.

PTSD and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

PTSD and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury PDF Author: Jennifer J. Vasterling
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1462503381
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 324

Book Description
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can each cause significant functional impairment--and these "invisible injuries" frequently co-occur. Events that lead to traumatic brain injury are often also psychologically traumatic. This authoritative volume brings together leading experts in PTSD and mTBI to explore the nature, consequences, and management of these interacting conditions. Presenting cutting-edge research and clinical practices, the book meets a growing need among mental health practitioners in both civilian and military contexts. The volume focuses on the complexities of caring for patients with comorbid PTSD and mTBI, whether caused by war-zone experiences, motor vehicle accidents, domestic violence or other interpersonal assaults, or sports concussions. Contributors examine the biological and psychosocial mechanisms underlying both disorders as well as potential ways they may affect each other. Commonly associated problems that may further complicate recovery--chronic pain and substance abuse--are also discussed in detail. Reviewing empirically based best practices in assessment and treatment, chapters offer recommendations for tailoring interventions to different patients' needs. Important topics include how to deal with dilemmas in evaluation and what treatment strategies work best for addressing overlapping symptoms. The book also considers ways to improve the structure and cost-effectiveness of providing care in this challenging area. Throughout, scientific controversies and unanswered questions are highlighted and promising directions for future research identified. Synthesizing knowledge from multiple disciplines, this is an essential reference for mental health practitioners and trauma specialists--including neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and social workers--as well as graduate students and trainees.

The Assessment and Treatment of Individuals with History of Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: a Systematic Review of the Evidence

The Assessment and Treatment of Individuals with History of Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: a Systematic Review of the Evidence PDF Author: U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781489539977
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 78

Book Description
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been defined as trauma to the head that results in a decreased level of consciousness, amnesia, other neurologic or neuropsychologic abnormalities, skull fractures, intracranial lesions, or death. TBI can be caused by penetrating trauma or by blunt force, including acceleration/deceleration forces that cause the brain to collide with the skull. Blunt force TBI is typically classified by level of severity, most commonly differentiated as mild, moderate, or severe. The vast majority of civilian patients that are hospitalized for TBI are diagnosed with mild TBI (mTBI). While a similar ratio specific to soldiers or veterans is not readily available, mTBI is also prevalent in this population. Personnel engaged in the current military operations, Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF), are sustaining mTBI at unprecedented rates. One commonly referenced report estimated that nearly 20%, or 300,000, OEF/OIF veterans had sustained a TBI during deployment, many of these being mTBI. There has been much political and media interest in the rates of mTBI associated with the current conflicts. While most of those who sustain mTBI do not experience ongoing symptoms, a minority of individuals will experience some psychosocial, mental, and/or physical health problems. Thus, there is major concern across veteran healthcare providers, particularly the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Department of Defense (DoD), regarding the identification and care of mTBI. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent and pernicious mental health problem with significant costs to the individual and society. It is an anxiety disorder characterized by avoidance behaviors, physiological hyperarousal, and re-experiencing symptoms following exposure to a traumatic event. VA and DoD healthcare providers are now facing a large population of OEF/OIF veterans who have sustained TBI, particularly mTBI, and also suffer from PTSD. However, the long-term health outcomes of individuals who have received diagnoses of both TBI and PTSD (TBI/ PTSD), especially mTBI and PTSD (mTBI/PTSD), are poorly understood. There is concern that current evidence-based practices to define, identify, and treat mTBI and PTSD may be less accurate and/or effective when the conditions co-occur. Thus, there is a need to develop an evidence base and identify best practices for patients with this co-diagnosis. The objective of this evidence synthesis report was to systematically review and summarize the published literature that addresses the epidemiology, assessment, and treatment of adults with mTBI/PTSD. While the epidemiologic review compares prevalence estimates of PTSD across all TBI severity levels, so as to examine any potential differences in prevalence by TBI severity, the assessment and treatment sections of this report were focused on mTBI because of the growing concerns related to this injury in the U.S. military population. We emphasized results most relevant to U.S. military personnel and veterans. We conducted a systematic literature review to address the following key questions: 1) What is the prevalence of comorbid TBI and PTSD? Does the reported prevalence vary by study population, trauma etiology, TBI severity (mild versus moderate and severe), or methods of case ascertainment? 2a) What is the relative accuracy of diagnostic tests used for assessing mTBI when mTBI is comorbid with PTSD? 2b) What is the relative accuracy of diagnostic tests used for assessing PTSD when PTSD is comorbid with mTBI? 3a) Are there psychosocial or pharmacological therapies used for treatment of mTBI and PTSD simultaneously? 3b) Are therapies for treatment of mTBI effective when mTBI is comorbid with PTSD? Is there evidence of harms? 3c) Are therapies for treatment of PTSD effective when PTSD is comorbid with mTBI? Is there evidence of harms?

Management of Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury

Management of Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury PDF Author: David Brian Arciniegas
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585624047
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 598

Book Description
Management of Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury is an up-to-the-minute, comprehensive, and useful text designed to support busy physicians, nurses, and mental health professionals working with persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their families. Understanding and improving outcomes after TBI requires consideration of the effects of biomechanical forces on the brain and the interactions between the injury, the person experiencing it, and the psychosocial context in which TBI and its consequences occur. A multidisciplinary approach to the management of persons with TBI therefore is essential. Accordingly, this book presents and synthesizes the work of internationally recognized brain injury clinicians, scientists, and educators who were selected by a team of editors with backgrounds in psychiatry, neurology, psychology, and physiatry. This broad range of perspectives enhances understanding and provides nuanced yet practical information on the neuropsychiatric management of persons with TBI. Evidence-informed, concise, and clinically rich, Management of Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury will be of enormous value to health care providers grappling with the neurological and mental health consequences of this widespread public health problem.

PTSD and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

PTSD and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury PDF Author: Jennifer J. Vasterling
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1462503519
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 308

Book Description
Events that lead to traumatic brain injury are often also psychologically traumatic. Addressing a growing need among mental health practitioners, this authoritative book brings together experts in both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Chapters present empirically based best practices for conceptualization, assessment, and intervention. The book also addresses the biological and psychosocial mechanisms by which PTSD and mTBI complicate each other; management of commonly associated conditions, including chronic pain and substance abuse; special considerations in military contexts; and possible ways to improve the structure and cost-effectiveness of providing care in this challenging area.

Psychological Knowledge in Court

Psychological Knowledge in Court PDF Author: Gerald Young
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781441938121
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 412

Book Description
PTSD, pain syndromes, traumatic brain injury: these three areas are common features of personal injury cases, often forming the cornerstone of expert testimony. Yet their complex interplay in an individual can make evaluation—and explaining the results in court—extremely difficult. Psychological Knowledge in Court focuses on this triad separately and in combination, creating a unique guide to forensic evaluations that fulfills both legal and clinical standards. Its meticulous review of the literature identifies and provides clear guidelines for addressing core issues in causality, chronicity, and assessment, such as: - Are there any definable risk factors for PTSD? - How prevalent is PTSD after trauma? - How do patients’ emotions relate to their pain experience? - Are current pain assessment methods accurate enough? - What is the role of pre-existing vulnerabilities in traumatic brain injury? - What exactly is "mild" TBI?

Coping with Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Coping with Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury PDF Author: Diane Roberts Stoler Ed.D.
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101631619
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 400

Book Description
A comprehensive guide for improving memory, focus, and quality of life in the aftermath of a concussion. Often presenting itself after a head trauma, concussion— or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)— can cause chronic migraines, depression, memory, and sleep problems that can last for years, referred to as post concussion syndrome (PCS). Neuropsychologist and concussion survivor Dr. Diane Roberts Stoler is the authority on all aspects of the recovery process. Coping with Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury is a lifeline for patients, parents, and other caregivers.

Neurosensory Disorders in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Neurosensory Disorders in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury PDF Author: Michael E. Hoffer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128125489
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 452

Book Description
Mild traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI or Concussion) is an increasingly common public health issue in sports, military environments, and life in today’s active world. Despite a great deal of study and public attention to this disorder, knowledge about optimal diagnostic, prognostic, and treatment information remains lacking. Neurosensory symptoms have been shown to be the most frequent complications of mTBI in both the acute and chronic setting. Neurosensory Disorders in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury brings together both the basic science work as well as the clinical work in mTBI into one volume to provide a comprehensive examination of the neurosensory issues associated with this disorder. Coverage includes chapters on defining mild Traumatic Brain Injury, neurosensory consequences, neurosensory disorders in clinical practice, and diagnosis and treatment for neurosensory disorders in mTBI. This book is written for clinicians, researchers, residents and students in neurology and neuroscience. Provides a comprehensive examination of the neurosensory issues associated with mild Traumatic Brain Injury and concussion Brings together both the basic science work and the clinical work in mTBI into a single volume Helps clinicians understand the best diagnosis and treatment paths and puts current research into perspective for researchers

Overcoming Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Concussion Symptoms

Overcoming Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Concussion Symptoms PDF Author: Nigel S. King
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1472136101
Category : Self-Help
Languages : en
Pages : 240

Book Description
HIGHLY COMMENDED for the British Medical Awards book prize for Popular Medicine Up to 10% of people will suffer a mild head injury (or 'mild traumatic brain injury') in their lifetime and up to 50% of those people will also find they have lingering post-concussion symptoms in the months or years afterwards. These symptoms can include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, sleep disturbance, reduced day-to-day memory, poor concentration, taking longer to think, 'muzzy' headedness, depression, anxiety, tinnitus, blurred or double vision, sensitivity to light or noise, frustration, nausea, restlessness and sensitivity to alcohol. In such circumstances the 'mild' head injury may feel anything but mild. This is particularly so if large areas of your day to day life are affected. People in these circumstances can have their difficulties compounded by the very different explanations for their persisting difficulties. These usually involve receiving contradictory opinions about the extent to which ongoing symptoms are caused by neurological brain injury or other factors. These complicating factors can make it very difficult to find the right kind of service or expertise after a TBI. Patients can easily feel like they are being ''pushed from pillar to post" when trying to find services that can help with their problems. On top of all of this, there is a distinct lack of good, science- based information for patients about the best ways to manage PCS. It is therefore very common for those who experience prolonged difficulties to find their situation extremely confusing, frustrating and stressful. Dr Nigel King is an expert with much experience in this area, and has written a very valuable book weaving together the most useful knowledge in this area. It clarifies some of the complex issues for those who suffer with prolonged problems and provides practical, science-based self-help guidance for managing TBI difficulties. Using cognitive rehabilitation techniques and CBT approaches for the associated mental health complications of PCS, this much need book provides help, hope and understanding for what can be a highly disabling and misunderstood condition.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury PDF Author: Jack W. Tsao
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030224368
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 462

Book Description
This thoroughly revised and updated work covers numerous advances in traumatic brain injury diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, and pathophysiology. Since publication of the first edition in 2012, there has been greatly increased public awareness of the clinical consequences of even the mildest of head injuries, and the result has been a concerted effort of countries around the world to increase research funding. This second edition continues to focus on mild traumatic brain injury--or concussion--and contains updates to all the original chapters as well as adding new chapters addressing clinical sequelae, including pediatric concussion, visual changes, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, and blast-associated TBI. Traumatic Brain Injury: A Clinician's Guide to Diagnosis, Management, and Rehabilitation, Second Edition, is a comprehensive resource designed for neurologists, primary care clinicians, sports physicians, and other medical providers, including psychologists and neuropsychologists, as well as athletic trainers who may evaluate and care for individuals who have sustained a TBI. The book features summaries of the most pertinent areas of diagnosis and therapy, which can be readily accessed by the busy clinician/professional. In addition, the book's treatment algorithms provide a highly practical reference to cutting edge therapies, and an updated appendix of ICD codes is included. An outstanding contribution to the literature, Traumatic Brain Injury: A Clinician's Guide to Diagnosis, Management, and Rehabilitation, Second Edition, again offers an invaluable resource for all providers who treat patients with TBI.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury PDF Author: Shane S. Bush
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826109152
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 449

Book Description
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