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Law

Taxing Robots

Taxing Robots PDF Author: Xavier Oberson
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1788976525
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 200

Book Description
The increasing use of artificial intelligence within the workplace is likely to cause significant disruption to the labour market and in turn, to the economy, due to a reduction in the number of taxable workers. In this innovative book, Xavier Oberson proposes taxing robots as a possible solution to the anticipated problem of declining tax revenues.

Taxing Robots

Taxing Robots PDF Author: Xavier Oberson
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1788976525
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 200

Book Description
The increasing use of artificial intelligence within the workplace is likely to cause significant disruption to the labour market and in turn, to the economy, due to a reduction in the number of taxable workers. In this innovative book, Xavier Oberson proposes taxing robots as a possible solution to the anticipated problem of declining tax revenues.

Interactive Robotics: Legal, Ethical, Social and Economic Aspects

Interactive Robotics: Legal, Ethical, Social and Economic Aspects PDF Author: María Amparo Grau Ruiz
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3031043057
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


We, the Robots?

We, the Robots? PDF Author: Simon Chesterman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316517683
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 310

Book Description
Explains how artificial intelligence is pushing the limits of the law and how we must respond.

Taxing Sin

Taxing Sin PDF Author: Michael Thom
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030491765
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 186

Book Description
Conventional wisdom dictates that those goods which are said to cause harm or impose costs on society deserve a special tax. For centuries, governments have levied these "sin taxes" on alcohol and tobacco, but the list of taxable sins has now grown to include soda and marijuana, with calls to impose further taxes on plastic bags, meat, and even robots and carbon. Contrary to what experts and policymakers tell us, many of these alleged sins impose very little, if any, cost on society, and the harms that do exist can be minimized without resorting to tax. What follows in this book is a discussion of four case studies—on tobacco, marijuana, alcohol and soda—which make the case against the conventional wisdom in taxing these "sins", before concluding that when it comes to taxing sin, it is time for governments to forgive—and forget.

The Populist Temptation

The Populist Temptation PDF Author: Barry Eichengreen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190866292
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272

Book Description
Populism of the right and left has spread like wildfire throughout the world. The impulse reached its apogee in the United States with the election of Trump, but it was a force in Europe ever since the Great Recession sent the European economy into a prolonged tailspin. In the simplest terms, populism is a political ideology that vilifies economic and political elites and instead lionizes 'the people.' The people, populists of all stripes contend, need to retake power from the unaccountable elites who have left them powerless. And typically, populists' distrust of elites shades into a catchall distrust of trained experts because of their perceived distance from and contempt for 'the people.' Another signature element of populist movements is faith in a savior who can not only speak directly to the people, but also serve as a vessel for the plain people's hopes and dreams. Going back to the 1890s, a series of such saviors have come and gone in the US alone, from William Jennings Bryan to Huey Long to--finally--Donald Trump. In The Populist Temptation, the eminent economic historian Barry Eichengreen focuses on the global resurgence of populism today and places it in a deep context. Alternating between the present and earlier populist waves from modern history, he argues that populists tend to thrive most in the wake of economic downturns, when it is easy to convince the masses of elite malfeasance. Yet while there is more than a grain of truth that bankers, financiers, and 'bought' politicians are responsible for the mess, populists' own solutions tend to be simplistic and economically counterproductive. Moreover, by arguing that the ordinary people are at the mercy of extra-national forces beyond their control--international capital, immigrants, cosmopolitan globalists--populists often degenerate into demagoguery and xenophobia. There is no one solution to addressing the concerns that populists raise, but Eichengreen argues that there is an obvious place to start: shoring up and improving the welfare state so that it is better able to act as a buffer for those who suffer most during economic slumps. For example, America's patchwork welfare state was not well equipped to deal with the economic fallout that attended globalization and the decline of manufacturing in America, and that played no small part in Trump's victory. Lucidly explaining both the appeals and dangers of populism across history, this book is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand not just the populist phenomenon, but more generally the lasting political fallout that follows in the wake of major economic crises.

Tax and the Digital Economy

Tax and the Digital Economy PDF Author: Werner Haslehner
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9403503351
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 370

Book Description
The increasingly digitalized global economy is undermining the usefulness of many traditional tax concepts. In addition to issues of double taxation and double non-taxation, important questions arise concerning the allocation of taxing rights in respect of income from cross-border digital transactions. This is the first book to analyse what changes are possible, necessary and feasible in order to forestall the unravelling of the existing international tax framework. Focusing in turn on the legal framework, specific proposals for adapting tax concepts for the digital economy, types of transactions and administrative issues such as those around data protection and digital currencies, the expert contributors discuss such challenges to taxation as the following: the pervasiveness of intangible assets; new value creation models; the ascendance of the sharing economy and digital services; virtual currencies; the importance of user participation for digital platforms; cloud computing; the impact of Big Data on tax enforcement; virtual business presence; and the influence of robotization. Throughout, the authors describe and analyse proposals made by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the European Union (EU) and individual countries and their likely impact going forward. They also attend to the limits imposed on reform possibilities by public international law, EU law and constitutional law. It is generally acknowledged that there is a need to monitor how the digital transformation may be impacting value creation. This book is a key milestone toward developing a durable, long-term solution to the tax challenges posed by the digitalization of the economy. With its thorough scrutiny of proposals for digital services tax and virtual permanent establishments, insightful analysis of digital services and detailed description of the impact of big data on tax administration and taxpayer protection, it will quickly prove indispensable for tax practitioners and the international tax community more generally.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Implementation of Artificial Intelligence for Growing Business Success

The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Implementation of Artificial Intelligence for Growing Business Success PDF Author: Allam Hamdan
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030627969
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 483

Book Description
This book focuses on the implementation of AI for growing business, and the book includes research articles and expository papers on the applications of AI on decision-making, health care, smart universities, public sector and digital government, FinTech, and RegTech. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a vital and a fundamental driver for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (FIR). Its influence is observed at homes, in the businesses and in the public spaces. The embodied best of AI reflects robots which drive our cars, stock our warehouses, monitor our behaviors and warn us of our health, and care for our young children. Some researchers also discussed the role of AI in the current COVID-19 pandemic, whether in the health sector, education, and others. On all of these, the researchers discussed the impact of AI on decision-making in those vital sectors of the economy.

Automation and Its Macroeconomic Consequences

Automation and Its Macroeconomic Consequences PDF Author: Klaus Prettner
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128180293
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 248

Book Description
Automation and Its Macroeconomic Consequences reveals new ways to understand the economic characteristics of our increasing dependence on machines. Illuminating technical and social elements, it describes economic policies that could counteract negative income distribution consequences of automation without hampering the adoption of new technologies. Arguing that modern automation cannot be compared to the Industrial Revolution, it considers consequences of automation such as spatial patterns, urbanization, and regional concerns. In touching upon labor, growth, demographic, and policy, Automation and its Macroeconomic Consequences stands at the intersection of technology and economics, offering a comprehensive portrait illustrated by empirical observations and examples. Introduces formal growth models that include automation and the empirical specifications on which the data-driven results rely Focuses on formal modeling, empirical analysis and derivation of evidence-based policy conclusions Considers consequences of automation, such as spatial patterns, urbanization and regional concerns

Institutions & Economic Policies

Institutions & Economic Policies PDF Author: İrem Berksoy
Publisher: Ijopec Publication
ISBN: 199970357X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


OECD Economic Surveys: United States 2018

OECD Economic Surveys: United States 2018 PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264301402
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 112

Book Description
The current expansion in the United States is one of the longest on record. Economic growth since the financial crisis has also been amongst the strongest in the OECD. Robust job growth has helped bring people into employment and reduce the unemployment rate. Partly as a result, wellbeing is ...