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Trains Across Borders

Trains Across Borders PDF Author: Martin Schiefelbusch
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
ISBN: 9783848708550
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 303

Book Description
Rail transport across political boundaries has existed for a long time, but good rail service across borders requires coordination and agreement in many fields. Numerous technical standards have to be harmonized and, beyond that, a common understanding of the railway's role on the transport market and agreed service concepts are necessary. However, the policy and planning objectives are often different on each side of a border. This book presents an analysis of how common ideas and projects for cross-border transport were developed in the political and planning discourse. Service concepts, tariffs, and infrastructure are covered as key areas of rail transport. Cases from the late 19th century and the decades after World War II are compared. Difficulties of taking steps (back) towards a "European" rail network can be experienced even today. The aim to unite Europe on rails often stands in contrast to the technical complexity of the railways, increasing competition and diverging ideas. (Series: Institute for European Regional Research / Institut fur Europaische Regionalforschungen - Vol. 19)

Trains Across Borders

Trains Across Borders PDF Author: Martin Schiefelbusch
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
ISBN: 9783848708550
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 303

Book Description
Rail transport across political boundaries has existed for a long time, but good rail service across borders requires coordination and agreement in many fields. Numerous technical standards have to be harmonized and, beyond that, a common understanding of the railway's role on the transport market and agreed service concepts are necessary. However, the policy and planning objectives are often different on each side of a border. This book presents an analysis of how common ideas and projects for cross-border transport were developed in the political and planning discourse. Service concepts, tariffs, and infrastructure are covered as key areas of rail transport. Cases from the late 19th century and the decades after World War II are compared. Difficulties of taking steps (back) towards a "European" rail network can be experienced even today. The aim to unite Europe on rails often stands in contrast to the technical complexity of the railways, increasing competition and diverging ideas. (Series: Institute for European Regional Research / Institut fur Europaische Regionalforschungen - Vol. 19)

Reading(s) / across / Borders

Reading(s) / across / Borders PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004417885
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 268

Book Description
These inter-disciplinary essays explore the foundational ambiguity of borders, their roles, functions and place in the Anglophone world, whether it be in history, politics, literature, art or music or, theoretically, in the critical relations between space, discourse and representation.

Comprehensive Analysis of the Existing Cross-border Rail Transport Connections and Missing Links on the Internal EU Borders

Comprehensive Analysis of the Existing Cross-border Rail Transport Connections and Missing Links on the Internal EU Borders PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789279858222
Category :
Languages : de
Pages :

Book Description
Border regions within the European Union represent 40% of the Union's territory and close to 30% of the EU population. Generally, they perform less well economically than other regions within a Member State. Access to public services such as public transport is generally lower in border regions. Against this background "missing links" within the EU with a focus on passenger services across small-scale cross-border railway connections gained political momentum in the past years. Additional cross-border railway passenger transport could enhance mobility and economic development in the border regions. The present study is an exhaustive analysis of all cross-border rail connections along 43 EU and EFTA internal land borders. As a first step, the study provides an inventory of 365 cross-border rail connections, including: - operational cross-border connections: existing rail infrastructure where regular passenger train services run in the 2017 annual timetable or are technically possible; - non-operational cross-border connections: rail infrastructure which existed in the past ("missing links") without any traffic and - projected cross-border connections: rail infrastructure which is expected to be implemented. The fact sheets of cross-border rail connections display maps and data on the operational status, technical aspects and relevant stakeholders for each link. The inventory reveals that most of the small-scale cross-border railway connections do not belong to the TEN-T Core or Comprehensive Network. Furthermore, it shows that gaps in the cross-border passenger rail network are not necessarily caused by missing elements of infrastructure: in many cases, even on operational railway infrastructure, there is a severe lack of cross-border passenger services. In a second step, the study analyses possible new railway connections on missing and promising links. Promising links are understood as cross-border rail connections which were assessed as "not fully exploited" or only had freight trains in the 2017 annual timetable. In total 176 missing and promising links were recorded among all cross-border rail connections. A pan-European demand estimation of rail travel potential was carried out for all these links. Potential projects were identified by regionally differentiated filtering: when links exceeded a specific threshold of passenger numbers in the border area, they were analysed in detail. Thus, for 38 missing and promising links the economic viability was assessed, mostly by estimations of investment needs and annual operating costs. The estimations of operating costs showed that most of the connections in further examination would need public subsidies under a public service obligation (PSO) contract in line with Regulation (CE) 1370/2007. Bearing in mind that 83 % of passenger rail services within the EU are under a PSO regime, it is obvious that the competent authorities of the Member states play a crucial role for implementing cross-border passenger rail services. Therefore, competent authorities with missing and promising links were consulted, in order to identify the "potentially most beneficial projects". While for some of the further analysed 38 connections competent authorities showed no interest in a rail reactivation, in other cases the attention was drawn to additional connections which were assumed to have more potential. Competent authorities often pointed out the connections' importance in terms of enhancing cross-border labour mobility, improving connectivity of TEN-T corridors, alleviating structural spatial effects or promoting sustainable and eco-friendly mobility. In the end, 48 cross-border rail connections were assessed as "potentially most beneficial projects", following this stakeholder consultation. In a final step, the study presents its key findings and proposes recommendations on how to smoothen the implementation of new cross-border railway connections. The recommendations relate to funding budgets, operational issues, governance and cooperation aspects, the simplification of procedures and increasing the attractiveness of cross-border rail transport. They are addressed to stakeholders at EU, national and regional level. The study reveals that the successful implementation of new small-scale cross-border railway connections is mostly rather linked to a "bottom-up" engagement of local and regional stakeholders. Such an approach is more adequate than a mere "top-down" one from higher levels. In fact money and political willingness are the core prerequisites of new cross-border rail connections to be implemented. Taking this fact into account, good news can be derived from the bunch of recommendations proposed by the study: With the cooperation of European, national and regional stakeholders, competent authorities and infrastructure managers of many today's missing railway links may see new passenger services in the future, contributing to the functioning of prospering and integrated European cross-border regions.

Holocaust Landscapes

Holocaust Landscapes PDF Author: Tim Cole
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 147290690X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 272

Book Description
The theme of Tim Cole's Holocaust Landscapes concerns the geography of the Holocaust; the Holocaust as a place-making event for both perpetrators and victims. Through concepts such as distance and proximity, Professor Cole tells the story of the Holocaust through a number of landscapes where genocide was implemented, experienced and evaded and which have subsequently been forgotten in the post-war world. Drawing on particular survivors' narratives, Holocaust Landscapes moves between a series of ordinary and extraordinary places and the people who inhabited them throughout the years of the Second World War. Starting in Germany in the late 1930s, the book shifts chronologically and geographically westwards but ends up in Germany in the final chaotic months of the war. These landscapes range from the most iconic (synagogue, ghetto, railroad, camp, attic) to less well known sites (forest, sea and mountain, river, road, displaced persons camp). Holocaust Landscapes provides a new perspective surrounding the shifting geographies and histories of this continent-wide event.

The European Commission's 4th Railway Package

The European Commission's 4th Railway Package PDF Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Transport Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215056962
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 58

Book Description
The Transport Committee broadly welcomes the European Commission's 4th Railway Package but believes it focuses too much on liberalising the railway in domestic markets at the expense of important measures to improve cross-border freight and passenger services. The Committee recommends the UK Government should actively negotiate to ensure: joint working between Network Rail and train operators is not prohibited or unduly restricted; metro and light rail systems are not affected by the proposals to separate infrastructure and service operators; the UK's arrangements for letting train franchises are not challenged. In addition, MPs are concerned about: governance arrangements for Eurotunnel; the maximum annual threshold proposed for rail franchises, which could prevent UK companies bidding for work in other EU countries; and the possibility that the EU may become responsible for specifying the content of public transport plans: these should remain the responsibility of national or local governments.

Around the World in 80 Trains

Around the World in 80 Trains PDF Author: Monisha Rajesh
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1408869780
Category : Travel
Languages : en
Pages : 336

Book Description
WINNER OF THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC TRAVELLER AWARD FOR BEST TRAVEL BOOK SHORTLISTED FOR THE STANFORD DOLMAN TRAVEL BOOK OF THE YEAR AWARD 'Monisha Rajesh has chosen one of the best ways of seeing the world. Never too fast, never too slow, her journey does what trains do best. Getting to the heart of things. Prepare for a very fine ride' Michael Palin From the cloud-skimming heights of Tibet's Qinghai railway to silk-sheeted splendour on the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express, Around the World in 80 Trains is a celebration of the glory of train travel and a witty and irreverent look at the world. Packing up her rucksack – and her fiancé, Jem – Monisha Rajesh embarks on an unforgettable adventure that takes her from London's St Pancras station to the vast expanses of Russia and Mongolia, North Korea, Canada, Kazakhstan, and beyond. The journey is one of constant movement and mayhem, as the pair strike up friendships and swap stories with the hilarious, irksome and ultimately endearing travellers they meet on board, all while taking in some of the earth's most breathtaking views.

Mercy Without Borders

Mercy Without Borders PDF Author: Mark Zwick
Publisher: Paulist Press
ISBN: 9780809146895
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 272

Book Description
This book is the Zwick's' story, a Catholic Worker story, interwoven with the stories, the joys, hopes, and tragedies of immigrants who have come to Houston, and an impassioned plea for a change in the political and economic forces which drive people to immigrate.

Stories Without Borders

Stories Without Borders PDF Author: Julia Sonnevend
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190604328
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224

Book Description
How do stories of particular events turn into global myths, while others fade away? What becomes known and seen as a global iconic event? In Stories without Borders, Julia Sonnevend considers the ways in which we recount and remember news stories of historic significance. Focusing on journalists covering the fall of the Berlin Wall and on subsequent retellings of the event in a variety of ways - from Legoland reenactments to slabs of the Berlin Wall installed in global cities - Sonnevend discusses how certain events become built up so that people in many parts of the world remember them for long periods of time. She argues that five dimensions determine the viability and longevity of international news events. First, a foundational narrative must be established with certain preconditions. Next, the established narrative becomes universalized and a mythical message developed. This message is then condensed and encapsulated in a simple phrase, a short narrative, and a recognizable visual scene. Counter-narratives emerge that reinterpret events and in turn facilitate their diffusion across multiple media platforms and changing social and political contexts. Sonnevend examines these five elements through the developments of November 9, 1989 - what came to be known as the fall of the Berlin Wall. Stories Without Borders concludes with a discussion of how global iconic events have an enduring effect on individuals and societies, pointing out that after common currencies, military alliances, and international courts have failed, stories may be all that we have to bring hope and unity.

World Development Report 2020

World Development Report 2020 PDF Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464814953
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 290

Book Description
Global value chains (GVCs) powered the surge of international trade after 1990 and now account for almost half of all trade. This shift enabled an unprecedented economic convergence: poor countries grew rapidly and began to catch up with richer countries. Since the 2008 global financial crisis, however, the growth of trade has been sluggish and the expansion of GVCs has stalled. Meanwhile, serious threats have emerged to the model of trade-led growth. New technologies could draw production closer to the consumer and reduce the demand for labor. And trade conflicts among large countries could lead to a retrenchment or a segmentation of GVCs. World Development Report 2020: Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chains examines whether there is still a path to development through GVCs and trade. It concludes that technological change is, at this stage, more a boon than a curse. GVCs can continue to boost growth, create better jobs, and reduce poverty provided that developing countries implement deeper reforms to promote GVC participation; industrial countries pursue open, predictable policies; and all countries revive multilateral cooperation.

Container Transport Security Across Modes

Container Transport Security Across Modes PDF Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9282103331
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 128

Book Description
After the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, it became apparent that maritime shipping containers themselves and their links with other modes represent potential security vulnerabilities. This report describes the complex, hybrid container ...